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When getting ready to fix a computer, there are seven essential tools that can be used to make sure the technician stays safe and the job gets done.  Most of these are hand tools and they come in computer tool kit.  They range between twenty to fifty dollars depending on what is included in the kit.

  The first tool is an ESD wrist strap that helps  ground the technician and protect the computer from static electricity.  This is used to prevent static electricity from shorting out different parts of the motherboard.  The best way to to discharge yourself is to touch the metal part of the computer  case.The second tool is a screwdriver that comes with removable tips.  This tool provides more options when taking apart a computer and finding many sizes/types of screws.  Some of the more common types of screws you will find are flat-head, phillips-head, torx and hex.  Also, most screwdrivers have a magnetic head which helps with small screws.

The third tool is a needle nose pliers.  This tool can be helpful in a few different ways. First of all, if you drop a screw into the computer case this is the best way to fish it out. Sometimes cases are magnetic and screws seem to stick on the bottom or the sides.  This pliers is also used  to work with small parts. For example, when changing the jumpers on the motherboard or an old hard drive.  Lastly, some needle nose pliers have an area closest to the handle where it can be used to cut wire.

The fourth tool is a multimeter.  This device can help a technician troubleshoot problems dealing with power, by testing the voltage and making sure the output is correct.  A multimeter can also be used for testing capacitors and power switches.The fifth tool is a  tweezers.  They perform  like the needle nose pliers however, they’re not as heavy.  This tool is the best way to work with really small parts.  For example, they are useful if you need to take out the CMOS battery, pull out some wires or pick up screws. The sixth useful tool to is a flashlight.  When working on a laptop or desktop it’s always good to be in a well lit room.  Sometimes it doesn’t happen and you need more light.  In my home tool kit I have a small led flashlight and it works great.  Another tool is a headlamp.  When working alone on a computer it’s always difficult to have to hold the flashlight and get your work done.  Having a headlamp solves that problem.

The seventh tool is simple but helps tremendously.  You should have some kind of holder for the screws you take out.  This holder should be numbered one through ten.  Everytime you take a screw out you place the screw in the next number.  This makes sure you put all the screws back in the right order.  Some examples of holders are… an egg carton or a pill box.

If you’re planning on fixing computers, these  tools can be very helpful when working on different computer hardware.  I recommend picking up a computer tool kit that comes with these essential tools.  Also, if you’re interested there is a mobile tool kit as well.